2007/10/04

改編自科幻小說的知名電影(列表)

打※者為我認定的鳥片,最前面幾片另附原本開始動手寫下的簡介。

1902:
Le Voyage dans la Lune (A Trip to the Moon)
Jules Verne, From the Earth to the Moon (1865)
H. G. Wells, The First Men in the Moon (1901)
影史上第一部突破幾分鐘的「長片」,故事結合凡爾納的砲彈登月及威爾斯的月球人。導演 George Melies 原本即為資深魔術師,他將道具戲法融入剛起步的電影工業之中,營造出驚奇的月球冒險。砲彈擊中月面人臉右眼的畫面,成為早期科幻影像的代表經典。

1931:
Frankenstein
Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, Frankenstein (1818)
影史上最著名的《科學怪人》改編,後世對「怪人」的視覺形象永遠離不開 Boris Karloff 的造型。和原著最大的不同在於怪人為何邪惡的緣由:原著的怪人受到人類的鄙視和唾棄而轉而為惡;本片中,由於植入怪人的大腦並不正常,使得怪人重獲生命後 便成為邪惡的化身。

Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
Robert Louis Stevenson, The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1886)
影史上最佳的《化身博士》改編作品,飾演 Jekyll / Hyde 的 Fredric March 因此榮獲奧斯卡金像獎。在本片中,Jekyll 和 Hyde 所各自代表的不只是單純的人性善惡面,而更隱含有文明束縛與自然解放之間的對立意味。

1933:
The Invisible Man
H. G. Wells, The Invisible Man (1897)
同樣帶給後世最鮮明的《隱形人》形象;也只有電影才能完全表達隱形人摘下墨鏡、拉開繃帶,顯露出一片虛無的驚異效果。故事情節大體忠於原著,只在細節上有所更動;對於隱形人的描寫則採取較為同情的角度。

The Island of Lost Souls
H. G. Wells, The Island of Dr. Moreau (1896)
影史上最成功的《蒙羅醫生之島》改編。不若利用基因工程來改造獸人的後世作品,本片以外科手術直接施為,不但忠於原著,更彰顯其背後的恐怖本質。

1935:
The Bride of Frankenstein
Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, Frankenstein (1818)
1931 年《科學怪人》的續集,被譽為 1930 年代怪物電影的最佳作品。故事擷取原著怪人要求 Frankenstein 為他製造配偶的片段再加以延伸創作。結果怪人居然慘遭新娘拒絕。Elsa Lanchester 一人分飾怪人新娘與片頭說書的瑪麗‧雪萊。

1936:
Things to Come
H. G. Wells, The Shape of Things to Come (1933)
晚期的威爾斯致力於形塑人類的未來史,他摘錄小說的一部分改編成劇本,訴說 1940 年倫敦轟炸,開啟世界大戰後,人類從混亂到秩序,並建立烏托邦大同社會的歷史過程。2036 年 Everytown 的視覺構成恰與《大都會》(Metropolis,1927)成為對比,為美好未來世界的典型印象。劇末安排年輕人不畏阻礙,登上太空,直接表現出威爾斯尋求人類不斷進步超昇的渴望。

1937:
Lost Horizon
James Hilton, Lost Horizon (1933)
世界屋脊上,香格里拉的具像呈現。生活其間,不單宛如置身天堂,更能享受不朽的生命。電影安排當地人 Maria 跟隨主角離開後極速老化而死的過程,加深仙境與凡間的對比印象。除了主角 Conway 外,其餘人物均有所更動。

1950:
Destination Moon
Robert A. Heinlein, Rocket Ship Galileo (1947)
美國影史上第一部嘗試呈現真實科學中的火箭與太空航行的電影。海萊恩本人也獲聘擔任本片的技術顧問。由於特別強調真實科技,使得本片看起來像是紀錄片,或是鼓吹大眾支持太空計畫的宣傳作品。和原著的關係極為薄弱。

1951:
The Day the Earth Stood Still
Harry Bates, "Farewell to the Master" (1940)
The Thing (The Thing from Another World)
Don A. Stuart (John W. Campbell, Jr.), "Who Goes There?" (1938)

1953:
The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms
Ray Bradbury, "The Fog Horn" (1951)
The War of the Worlds
H. G. Wells, The War of the Worlds (1898)

1954:
20,000 Leagues Under the Sea
Jules Verne, 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea (1869)

1956:
Invasion of the Body Snatchers
Jack Finney, The Body Snatchers (1955)

1957:
The Incredible Shrinking Man
Richard Matheson, The Shrinking Man (1956)

1958:
The Fly
George Langelaan, "The Fly" (1957)

1959:
On the Beach
Nevil Shute, On the Beach (1957)

1960:
The Time Machine
H. G. Wells, The Time Machine (1895)
Village of the Damned
John Wyndham, The Midwich Cuckoos (1957)

1962:
The Manchurian Candidate
Richard Condon, The Manchurian Candidate (1959)

1963:
The Birds
Daphne Du Maurier, "The Birds" (1952)

1964:
Dr. Strangelove, or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb
Peter Bryant (Peter George), Two Hours to Doom (1958)
Fail-Safe
Eugene L. Burdick & Harvey Wheeler, Fail-Safe (1962)

1966:
Fahrenheit 451
Ray Bradbury, Fahrenheit 451 (1953)

1968:
Charly
Daniel Keyes, Flowers for Algernon (1959 novella, 1966)
Planet of the Apes
Pierre Boulle, Planet of the Apes (1963)
2001: A Space Odyssey
Arthur C. Clarke, "The Sentinel" (1951)

1971:
The Andromeda Strain
Michael Crichton, The Andromeda Strain (1969)
A Clockwork Orange
Anthony Burgess, A Clockwork Orange (1962)

1972:
Slaughterhouse-Five
Kurt Vonnegut, Jr., Slaughterhouse-Five (1969)
Solyaris (Solaris)
Stanislaw Lem, Solaris (1961)

1973:
日本沉沒
小松左京,《日本沉沒》(1973)
Soylent Green
Harry Harrison, Make Room! Make Room! (1966)

1974:
The Stepford Wives
Ira Levin, The Stepford Wives (1972)
Young Frankenstein
Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, Frankenstein (1818)

1975:
A Boy and His Dog
Harlan Ellison, "A Boy and His Dog" (1969)

1976:
Logan's Run
William F. Nolan, Logan's Run (1967)
The Man Who Fell to Earth
Walter Tevis, The Man Who Fell to Earth (1963)

1978:
The Boy from Brazil
Ira Levin, The Boy from Brazil (1976)
Invasion of the Body Snatchers
Jack Finney, The Body Snatchers (1955)

1979:
Stalker
Arkadi Strugatsky & Boris Strugatsky, Roadside Picnic (1977)
Time After Time
Karl Alexander, Time After Time (1976)

1982:
Blade Runner
Philip K. Dick, Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? (1968)
The Thing
Don A. Stuart (John W. Campbell, Jr.), "Who Goes There?" (1938)

1984:
Dune
Frank Herbert, Dune (1965)
Nineteen Eighty-Four
George Orwell, Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949)
2010
Arthur C. Clarke, 2010: Odyssey Two (1982)

1986:
The Fly
George Langelaan, "The Fly" (1957)

1990:
Total Recall
Philip K. Dick, "We Can Remember It for You Wholesale" (1966)

1993:
Jurassic Park
Michael Crichton, Jurassic Park (1990)

1994:
Mary Shelley's Frankenstein
Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, Frankenstein (1818)

1995:
Johnny Mnemonic
William Gibson, "Johnny Mnemonic" (1981)
Screamers
Philip K. Dick, "Second Variety" (1953)

1996:
Crash
J. G. Ballard, Crash (1973)

1997:
Abre los ojos (Open Your Eyes)
Philip K. Dick, Ubik (1969) [uncredited]
Contact
Carl Sagan, Contact (1985)
Mimic
Donald A. Wollheim, "Mimic" (1942)
The Postman
David Brin, The Postman (1985)
Starship Troopers
Robert A. Heinlein, Starship Troopers (1959)

1999:
Bicentennial Man
Isaac Asimov, "The Bicentennial Man" (1976)
The Iron Giant
Ted Hughes & Dirk Zimmer, The Iron Giant (1988)
The Thirteenth Floor
Daniel F. Galouye, Simulacron-3 (1964)

2001:
A. I. - Artificial Intelligence
Brian W. Aldiss, "Super-Toys Last All Summer Long" (1969)
K-PAX
Gene Brewer, K-PAX (1995)

2002:
Impostor
Philip K. Dick, "Impostor" (1953)
Minority Report
Philip K. Dick, "The Minority Report" (1956)

2003:
Paycheck
Philip K. Dick, "Paycheck" (1953)

2004:
I, Robot
Isaac Asimov, I, Robot (1950)

2005:
The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy
Douglas Adams, The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy (1978 radio series, 1979)

2006:
Children of Men
P. D. James, The Children of Men (1992)

The Prestige
Christopher Priest, The Prestige (1995)
A Scanner Darkly
Philip K. Dick, A Scanner Darkly (1977)

2007:
The Last Mimzy
Lewis Padgett, "Mimsy Were the Borogoves" (1943)

2 comments:

H said...

What about "Children of Men"? (2006) Granted, it's totally different from the original novel.

Daneel Lynn said...

的確少了這一片,感謝補充!

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